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Monday, 3 October 2011

HOW TO MEMORIZE THE NOBLE QUR’AAN? [PART 5 OF 5] Alhamdo LILLAAH :)


HOW TO MEMORIZE THE NOBLE QUR’AAN? [PART 5 OF 5] Alhamdo LILLAAH :)

by A Muslim: By Practice and Not Just By Name on Monday, 31 January 2011 at 01:15

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Asalamu Alaykum Wa RahmatuLLAAHi Wa Barakatuh

RULES WHICH ASSIST IN MEMORIZING THE QUR’AAN: 
  • Adhering to a daily Limit for Memorization:
Student must set a daily limit for some verses of Surahs (Chapters) of the Qur'aan that one wishes to memorize. This limit should be reasonable and possible to fulfill. It varies in its amount from one person to another.

One should resist the temptation to move to a new portion of the Qur'aan before perfecting the memorization of the current portion that agrees with the set limit.

This is a disciplinary measure that helps one concentrate on one thing at a time, reducing interruption, and enabling one to firmly establish one's current portion in one's mind.
  • Not Surpassing One's Daily Limit until perfected its Memorization:
 It is not permissible for the student to move to a new portion of the Qur’aan until after he/she has perfected the memorization of his previous limit. This is so that whatever he/she has memorized is firmly established in his/her mind.
He/she should not move onto his next portion of the Qur’aan, rather should continue on the second day with what he/she had started with the day before until the memorization becomes perfected.
  • Understanding is the Way to Memorizing:
Among the things which greatly aid the process of memorization is understanding the verses that one has memorized and knowing their relationship and link, one to another.

This is why it is recommended for the student to read the tafseer (explanation)of that verses/page which he/she desires to memorize. This makes it easier to memorize the verses.

It is also necessary that the student does not depend on knowing the meaning of the verses alone in memorizing them. Rather the repetition of these verses should be the foundation. This should be done until the tongue can recite the verses even if the mind is occupied with other than the meaning of these verses.

This is sign that the verses are firmly established in the mind.
  • Reciting to Others:
It is necessary for the student not to depend on himself/herself for his memorization. Rather he/she should test his/her memorization by reciting the verses or soorah to somebody else, or he/she should recite them by following
the mus-haf.

It would be excellent if the student has with him/her a precise memorizer (who would test his memorization). This is so that the memorizer becomes aware of the possibility of his being forgetful or confused in his recitation (without
knowing it).

Many individuals who memorize a soorah make mistakes and a person may not realize that until he/she looks into the mus-haf.

Furthermore, the one who desires to memorize may not realize by himself/herself at which place he/she makes an error in his recitation despite the fact that he/she may be reciting from a mus-haf. For this reason making
others listen to his/her recitation of what he has memorized from the Quran is a means of perceiving and knowing these errors and being constantly aware of them.
  • Constantly Returning to what one has memorized:
The Qur’aan is different from any other material that is memorized such as poetry and prose. And this is because the Qur’aan is quickly lost from one’s mind.

In fact the Messenger of Allaah [saw] said:
"By Him in whose Hand is my soul, it is faster in escaping than a tied camel.” Bukhaaree & Muslim.

No sooner does the memorizer of the Qur’aan leave it for a while until the Qur’aan slips away from him and so he/she forgets it quickly. This is why it is necessary to constantly follow up what one has memorized and to be vigilant
over it.

The Messenger of Allaah sallallahu alayhi wassallam said:
"Verily, the example of the owner of the Qur’aan is like the example of the owner of the tied camel. If he keeps it tied (commits himself to it) he will hold it back and if he lets it loose it will escape from him."

And he [saw] also said:
"Commit yourselves to the Qur’aan, for by Him in Whose Hand is my soul, it is faster in slipping away than a tied camel." [Reported by Bukhaaree and Muslim]

This means that it is obligatory upon the memorizer of the Qur’aan to continuously recite what he/she has memorized from the Qur’aan.
  • Being Aware of the Resembling parts of the Qur’aan:
The various parts of the Qur’aan resemble each other with respect to the meaning, wording and (repetition of) verses.

The Exalted said:
Allaah has sent down the most beautiful of speech, a Book, (parts of it) resembling (others) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skins and their hearts soften to the remembrance of Allaah [Zumar 39:23].

The Qur’aan has approximately six and a half-thousand verses. And there are approximately a thousand verses in which there is a resemblance of some sort.

Sometimes there is agreement or difference due to a single letter or a word or two or more.

For this reason it is necessary for the good reciter of the Qur’aan that he has special concern for the parts of the Qur’aan that resemble each other in terms of their wording. The excellence of one’s memorization will be according to the extent that one has concern for these resembling parts.
  • Taking Advantage of the Golden years of memorizing:
The successful one, inevitably, is the one who takes advantage of the best years of memorization and these are from the age of five to twenty-three approximately. A person's ability to memorize during these years is very good. In fact these are the golden years of memorizing. Therefore, it is necessary for a person to keep himself occupied during these years of his life, memorizing the Book of Allaah as much as he/she can.

Committing things to memory at this age can be done very quickly. This is in opposition to what happens after this time when a person memorizes with difficulty and forgets with great speed.

He spoke the truth who said:
“Memorizing in youth is like engraving on stone and memorizing when old is like engraving on water.”

Thus, it is necessary for all of us to take advantage of the golden years of memorizing. If we cannot then we should encourage our sons and daughters to do so.

And with Allaah is success and prayers and peace be upon our Messenger Muhammad, upon his family and all his Companions. 

[Excerpted & compiled from many sources]

“Best way to memorize the Qur’aan” by Dr. Yahya al-Ghouthani, Jeddah
(world leading Quranic recitation authority) translated by Abu Muqatil.
“How to memorize Qur’aan” by Shaykh Ali Badahdah, translated by brother Malik.
“How to memorize the Qur’aan” by Shaykh Salih Munajjid, Islamqa.com
“How to memorize the Qur’aan, a practical method” from DhikrAllaah forum.
Abdur-Rahman Abdul Khaaliq's "Al-Qawaaid adh-Dhahabiyyah lil-Hifdh il-
Quran il-Adheem" translation by Amjad Muhammad Rafiq.

Student’s Record Book
Daily schedule for the student of Qur’aan
Student’s Name:

Week 1
Day New memorization
(soorah & verse no)
Review Recite to
friend/family
member
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday No new memorization. Review all the memorized amount *
Saturday *

*Student has to recite the entire memorized amount for that week to friend or family member
Try to have a partner (friend/sister/mother) who is also doing the memorization
and recite to each other. This will help you to be motivated and committed.

Important Note:

 Start memorizing the soorah from the back/end of the Juzz.
i.e., start from the last soorah…no.114, then 113, then 112, 111 & so on.

 DO NOT exceed your daily memorization limit. Do not move on to another soorah until you have memorized the first soorah perfectly.

Review:
Review must be done on a daily basis. Review the newest/latest memorized soorahs to make them strong.

[Fill the form/table and write your daily memorized portion. This will help you insha-Allaah to be committed and determined]

It is our duty towards the Book of Allaah that we should memorize it properly, accept and follow its guidance, and make it the constitution of our lives, the light of our hearts, the comfort of our souls. Hopefully these rules will form a good foundation for those who sincerely want to memorize the Book of Allaah properly.

And ALLAAH (SWT) knows best. May ALLAAH (SWT) bless our Prophet Muhammad [saw].


Alhamdo LILLAAHir Rabbil 'Aalameen :)
ALLAAHU AKKBAR!!!

Don't forget to have it shared insha ALLAAH :)
JazaakALLAAHu khair :)

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